Jim Corbett National Park
Jim Corbett National Park-named after the hunter grew to become conservationist Jim Corbett who performed a key role in its institution-is the oldest national park in India. The park was once headquartered in 1936 as Hailey National Park. Situated in Nainital district of Uttarakhand, the park acts as a included field for the significantly endangered Bengal tiger of India, the comfortable survival of which is the predominant objective of challenge Tiger, an Indian flora and fauna security initiative. The park has sub-Himalayan belt geographical and ecological traits. An ecotourism destination, it contains 488 different species of crops and a diverse kind of fauna. The develop in visitor pursuits, amongst different problems, continues to present a serious undertaking to the park’s ecological balance. Corbett has been a haunt for tourists and flora and fauna enthusiasts for a long time. Tourism pastime is best allowed in chosen areas of Corbett Tiger Reserve so that individuals get an opportunity to peer its first-rate landscape and the varied natural world. In contemporary years the quantity of individuals coming right here has elevated dramatically.
The Reserve field was once named as ‘Hailey National Park’ in 1936. This was once renamed in 1954-55 as ‘Ramganga National Park’ and once more in 1955-fifty six as ‘Corbett national Park’. It can be the oldest National Park of India. It was one of the vital 9 Tiger Reserves created on the launch of the task Tiger in 1973. The fashioned subject of the Park was once 323.75 sq. Km. To which 197.07 sq. Km. Was once delivered later. The executive manipulate over the complete subject is that of the area Director of the Reserve.Now complete discipline of Corbett National park is 1288.Three sq. Km.
History & Culture
Corbett national Park used to be the primary countrywide park of India and the Indian subcontinent, when it was headquartered on 8 August 1936. It used to be then referred to as Hailey national Park after Sir Malcolm Hailey, the then governor of the United Provinces. Foremost Jim Corbett was once generally dependable for delineation of the park boundaries. After India attained independence in 1947 the park used to be renamed as Ramganga National Park. In 1957, it used to be renamed as Corbett national Park, in reminiscence of Jim Corbett. Task Tiger, India’s ambitious conservation application to avoid wasting the tiger and its habitat was launched from Corbett in 1973. In 1991 the discipline of the reserve was once enlarged to its present discipline, with a big buffer subject coming under the direct control of the discipline Director.
Flora & Fauna
The different habitat types of Corbett i.e. mountains, sal forests, chaurs, khair-sissoo forests, and rivers have their distinct assemblage of plants. More than 600 species of trees, shrubs, herbs, bamboos, grasses, climbers and ferns have been identified in the Park. The most visible trees found in Corbett are sal, khair and sissoo (see Habitats and Ecosystems). Many other species that contribute to the diversity, are found scattered throughout the park. Chir pine (Pinus roxburghi) is the only conifer of the Park and is found on ridge-tops like Chir Choti but comes quite low in Gajar Sot. The upper reaches near Kanda have Banj Oak (Quercus leucotrichophora) growing which is essentially a Himalayan species.